Is Sour Melon Wholesome? Advantages, Diet Information, and Recipes

Is Sour Melon Wholesome?

Sour melon is the fit for human consumption fruit from the plant Momordica charantia, which is local to Africa, India, Asia, portions of the Caribbean, and different nations with hotter climates. The culinary and medicinal makes use of of sour melon have an extended historical past in Ayurvedic medication and conventional Chinese language medication, and lots of the reported sour melon advantages are because of compounds known as cucurbitacins.

Research recommend that sour melon lowers ldl cholesterol, treats most cancers, cleanses the blood and controls blood power, manages blood sugar ranges, and contributes to weight reduction.

On this article, we will be able to additional provide an explanation for sour melon advantages to your well being. You’ll additionally know about sour melon diet info, in addition to methods to consume sour melon, methods to make sour melon tea, and a few sour melon recipes.

However first, you must know extra about this unique fruit’s traits. Sour melon is also referred to as Indian sour melon, sour gourd, balsam pear, sour apple, carilla fruit, and ku gua in Mandarin. It belongs to the cucurbitaceae plant circle of relatives—the similar circle of relatives as cucumber, squash, watermelon, and cantaloupe.

The fruit has tough and wrinkled pores and skin, and it additionally resembles a cucumber. Yellow and orange sour melons are regarded as ripe, and inexperienced culmination are much less mature. Sour melon can also be eaten by itself, cooked in stir-fry, or juiced or combined, and the leaves can be utilized in soup and tea.

Diet Information of Sour Melon (100 g)

What are the very important sour melon diet info? Sour melon is de facto loaded with nutrition C, as one cup of uncooked sour melon comprises 130% of the really helpful day by day price of the nutrition.

Sour melon may be a very good supply of folate, nutrition A, and fiber. Moreover, it comprises some protein, iron, manganese, copper, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, selenium, nutrition B1, nutrition B2, nutrition B3, nutrition B5, and nutrition B6.

The next is a complete sour melon diet chart with data for one cup, or 93 grams (g), of diced sour melon.


Quantity Day-to-day Price
Energy 15.8



3.Four g 1.00%
Fiber 2.6 g



0.Nine g


Overall Fats

0.2 g 0.00%
Iron 0.Four mg



0.1 mg 4.00%
Copper 0.01 mg



17.7 mg 2.00%
Magnesium 15.Eight mg



28.Eight mg 3.00%
Potassium 275 mg



0.2 mcg 0.00%

0.7 mg



67.Zero mcg 17.00%
Nutrition B1 0.01 mg


Nutrition B2

0.01 mg 2.00%
Nutrition B3 0.Four mg


Nutrition B5

0.2 mg


Nutrition B6

0.01 mg


Nutrition A



Nutrition C

78.1 mg


* N/A—No longer Acceptable

Four Superb Well being Advantages of Sour Melon

Sour melon comprises many spectacular well being advantages. An alkaloid known as momordicine is accountable for the bitter taste of sour melon. There also are no less than 32 energetic chemical compounds in sour melon, together with insulin-like peptides, cucurbitacins, and triterpenes.

The fruit’s anti-cancer and anti-diabetic results come with tannic acid, gallic acid, caffeic acid, catechin, gentisic acid, p-coumaric, epicatechin, and chlorogenic acid, amongst others.

Analysis displays that those compounds can lend a hand control urge for food, stability hormones, cut back irritation, save you tumor enlargement, and save you weight problems. Underneath we will be able to check out how sour melon advantages weight reduction, maintains blood sugar ranges, controls high blood pressure, and manages excessive ldl cholesterol.

1. Is helping Diabetes through Keeping up Blood Sugar Ranges

One of the crucial most sensible well being advantages pertains to how you’ll use sour melon for diabetes. The sour melon fruit comprises no less than 3 energetic compounds with anti-diabetic houses, together with vicine, steroidal saponins known as charantins, and insulin-like alkaloids and peptides like polypeptide-p.

Sour melon additionally comprises lectin, which has hypoglycemic results that may cut back blood sugar.

Analysis has discovered that sour melon can lend a hand set up excessive blood sugar ranges and insulin resistance; diabetes headaches corresponding to eye issues, kidney injury, and blood vessel injury; middle headaches; and menstrual adjustments and hormonal irregularities in girls.

A find out about printed within the Magazine of Agricultural Meals Research in 2013 discovered that sour melon ate up in uncooked and juice shape helped cut back blood sugar ranges in wholesome and diabetic animals. Within the find out about, sour melon focused insulin receptor websites and stimulated downstream pathways, and this led researchers to conclude that sour melon can control glucose metabolism.

Every other find out about printed within the Magazine of Ethnopharmacology in 2011 discovered that 2,00Zero mg of sour melon day by day lowered blood sugar in other folks with sort 2 diabetes; on the other hand, the hypoglycemic impact used to be much less potent than a 1,000-mg day by day dose of the diabetes drug known as metformin.

2. Excellent for Managing Prime Ldl cholesterol Ranges

Sour melon additionally is helping set up excessive levels of cholesterol, which might be related with sort 2 diabetes, coronary middle illness, atherosclerosis, and liver illness.

Sour melon is thought of as efficient towards liver illness since particular compounds discovered inside of lend a hand get rid of extra ldl cholesterol within the liver. Decreasing ldl cholesterol additionally considerably lowers your chance of stroke and middle assaults.

In a find out about printed within the Pakistan Magazine of Pharmaceutical Sciences in 2016, researchers concluded that sour melon extract can lend a hand set up excessive ldl cholesterol—also referred to as hypercholesterolemia.

For the find out about, 4 kinds of sour melon extract, together with complete fruit, seedless fruit, seeds, and seed extracts, have been explored for his or her cholesterol-lowering results in rats with excessive ldl cholesterol. When in comparison to the placebo, the sour melon extract powder were most efficient within the aid of ldl cholesterol and triglycerides.

3. Efficient for Controlling High blood pressure

Sour melon may be regarded as efficient for regulating hypertension—also referred to as high blood pressure. Commonplace signs of hypertension come with dizziness, nosebleeds, unexplained sweating, common complications, flushed cheeks, shortness of breath, visible disturbances, and ringing within the ears.

One find out about printed within the Cardiovascular Magazine of South Africa in 2006 discovered that sour melon extract normalized hypertension in hypertensive salt-sensitive rats, and due to this fact, researchers concluded that sour melon can lend a hand keep watch over high blood pressure.

Every other find out about printed within the Magazine of Medicinal Meals in 2011 discovered that sour melon extracts given to rats for 52 days had lowered hypertension.

4. Attainable for Reducing Weight in Research

You’ll be able to additionally use sour melon for weight reduction and the prevention of weight problems. Experimental animal and medical research display that sour melon prevents weight acquire through mediating and inducing lipid and fats metabolism processes, and gene expressions that keep watch over frame weight and urge for food. It additionally reportedly reduces irritation.

A find out about printed within the British Magazine of Diet in 2005 discovered that sour melon averted frame weight acquire and visceral fats mass considerably in rats fed a high-fat nutrition.

Every other find out about from 2008 discovered that sour melon considerably lowered the load of visceral fats and epididymal white adipose tissue, and reduced adipose leptin and resistin mRNA ranges in mice fed a high-fat nutrition.

A 2011 find out about printed within the Magazine of Elementary and Implemented Sciences additionally discovered that sour melon considerably reduced frame weight acquire in rats.

How Is Sour Melon Eaten? Pattern Recipes

Let’s speak about methods to consume sour melon. Sour melon fruit can also be eaten uncooked, cooked, or ate up in pill or extract shape. It does now not appear to be a standard melon, and the immature sour melon fruit is an extended, inexperienced, warty fruit.

You’ll to find small, company sour melon at farmers markets in July and August. Tougher sour melons are gentle inexperienced, and aren’t as sour because the greener ones. Yellow or orange sour melons additionally have a tendency to be milder in taste.

Sour melon can retailer within the fridge for one to 2 weeks, or till the fairway colour starts to turn spots.

Prior to you chop and prepare dinner your sour melon, wash it first to take away any dust and insecticides. Slice the melon in part lengthwise, and scoop out the seeds and white flesh. To make the sour melon extra palatable, evenly sprinkle salt over the sour melon items and let the salt sit down for roughly 10 mins.

A standard Asian stir-fry will come with sour melon, potatoes, garlic, onion, sizzling chili peppers, oil, and salt. The next are two sour melon recipes, together with a equivalent stir-fry and a sour melon juice.

1. Sour Melon Stir Fry


  • 2 sliced sour melons
  • 1 tbsp olive oil
  • 1 small onion, chopped
  • Three to Four garlic cloves, minced
  • Tomatoes, chopped
  • 2 natural eggs, whisked
  • Coarse sea salt, to style
  • Serve with rice, potatoes, or gluten-free noodles


  • Warmth olive oil in a wok or massive, deep saucepan over medium-high warmth. Upload the garlic and onion to the wok, and prepare dinner till they seem golden brown. Stir in tomatoes as soon as the onion and garlic have browned.
  • Upload the sliced sour melon, and stir-fry for 2 to 3 mins.
  • Beat and pour two eggs into the wok, and over the melon items. Proceed to stir-fry till the eggs are cooked.
  • Take away from the wok, season with sea salt, and serve on most sensible of rice, potatoes, or gluten-free noodles.

2. Sour Melon Juice


  • 1 sour melon
  • 2 to three apples
  • 1 cucumber
  • 1 lemon
  • 2 celery stalks


  • Wash the produce neatly. Minimize the sour melon in part, scooping out the seeds and white flesh with a spoon. Position the outer inexperienced a part of the sour melon within the juicer.
  • Chop the remainder of the substances, and put them into the juicer. Pour into a tumbler, and revel in.

How you can Make Sour Melon Tea

Sour melon tea is constructed from the leaves and stems of the sour melon plant. Sour melon will also be bought in powder or extract shape. You’ll additionally frequently to find sour melon tea in tea luggage at Asian markets or well being meals shops.

The next is an easy-to-make sour melon tea recipe:


  • 6 to eight tbsp dried sour melon or sour melon leaves, or 2 cups chopped contemporary sour melon
  • Filtered water, boiled


  • Wash and chop dried sour melon or sour melon leaves to get about six to 8 tablespoons.
  • Boil about 16 ounces. of filtered water in a stainless-steel pot, and upload the sour melon leaves or dried sour melon. If the usage of contemporary sour melon, use about two cups of clean sour melon for an identical quantity of filtered water.
  • Simmer on low to medium warmth for round 10 mins, and stay the lid on.
  • Flip off the warmth and take away the pot from the range, and steep for roughly 10 mins.
  • Pressure the leaves, dried melon, or contemporary melon, and pour the tea in a cup. Drink about two cups of sour melon tea day by day.

Sour Melon Aspect Results Because of Extra Intake

Even if there are lots of advantages, there also are sour melon unwanted effects to imagine.

Sour melon is really helpful for diabetes; on the other hand, consuming sour melon whilst taking diabetes medicines would possibly purpose your blood sugar to drop too low and result in hypoglycemia. Consequently, sour melon isn’t really helpful to regard diabetes with out cautious tracking and supervision.

Sour melon intake might also intervene with blood sugar law all through surgical treatment. It’s best to keep away from sour melon intake no less than two weeks sooner than surgical treatment.

Additionally, if in case you have lately gone through surgical treatment, misplaced a great deal of blood, or been fasting, keep away from sour melon since it may possibly intervene with blood sugar keep watch over and purpose unwanted effects like fainting and dizziness.

Different populations that are meant to keep away from sour melon intake come with breastfeeding or pregnant girls and girls looking to turn out to be pregnant. It’s because a little analysis displays that sour melon has some abortifacient houses that may purpose miscarriages. It may also purpose menstrual bleeding and has possible anti-fertility features.

Other people with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency would possibly expand a situation known as favism following intake of sour melon seeds. Favism is a situation named after the fava bean, and a chemical present in fava beans is said to sour melon seeds.

Favism is assumed to result in anemia, a fever, abdomen ache, complications, and a coma in some other folks. As such, you must keep away from sour melon if in case you have G6PD deficiency.

Ultimate Ideas on Sour Melon

Sour melon has lengthy been used as meals and drugs during India, Asia, Africa, portions of the Caribbean, and in conventional Chinese language medication and Ayurvedic medication. The sour melon fruit is loaded with nutrition C and fiber and energetic compounds like cucurbitacins.

On this article, we reviewed one of the most sour melon advantages, together with the way it lowers ldl cholesterol, blood sugar, and blood power and contributes to weight reduction. Sour melon fruit can also be eaten uncooked, juiced, or combined; cooked in stir-fry; and made into tea or soup the usage of the leaves, stems, or contemporary sour melon.

Sour melon will also be ate up in extract or pill shape, and absorption is stepped forward when taken after a meal.

Be mindful, since sour melon lowers blood sugar and will engage with diabetes medicine, cautious supervision is really helpful.

Additionally Learn:

Lo, H., et al., “Momordica charantia and its novel polypeptide control glucose homeostasis in mice by means of binding to insulin receptor,” Magazine of Agriculture and Meals Chemistry, March 2013; 61(10): 2461-2468, doi: 10.10121/jf3042402.
Fuangchan, A., et al., “Hypoglycemic impact of sour melon when put next with metformin in newly identified sort 2 diabetes sufferers,” Magazine of Ethnopharmacology, March 2011; 134(2): 422-428, doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2010.12.045.
Naz, R., et al., “Nutritional supplementation of sour gourd reduces the danger of hypercholesterolemia in ldl cholesterol fed Sprague dawley rats,” Pakistan Magazine of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sept. 2016; 29(5): 1565-1570, PMID: 27731813.
Alam, M., et al., “Advisable Function of Sour Melon Supplementation in Weight problems and Comparable Headaches in Metabolic Syndrome,” Magazine of Lipids, 2015; 2015: 496169, doi: 10.1155/2015/496169.
Ojewole, J., et al., “Hypoglycaemic and hypotensive results of Momordica charantia Linn (Cucurbitaceae) whole-plant aqueous extract in rats,” Cardiovascular Magazine of South Africa, Sept. to Oct. 2006; 17(5): 227-232, PMID: 17117226.
Clouatre, D., et al., “Sour melon extracts in diabetic and customary rats favorably affect blood glucose and blood power law,” Magazine of Medicinal Meals, December 2011; 14(12): 1496-1504, doi: 10.1089/jmf.2010.0276.
Chen, Q., et al., “Diminished adiposity in sour melon (Momordica charantia) fed rats is related to decrease tissue triglyceride and better plasma catecholamines,” British Magazine of Diet, Might 2005; 93(5): 747-754, PMID: 15975176.
Shih, C., et al., “Results of Momordica charantia on insulin resistance and visceral weight problems in mice on high-fat nutrition,” Diabetes Analysis and Medical Apply, Aug. 2008; 81(2): 134-143, doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2008.04.023.

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Wikasitha Weerasingha

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